BENDING ATEEL AND ALUMINUM C(U)-CHANNEL

Bending steel and aluminum U/C channel steel: the same has the flanges out, with the flanges in, and the hard way of the web.

BENDING U CHANNEL

BENDING STEEL U CHANNEL

Bending aluminum C channel

HOW TO BENDING U(C) CHANNEL

Similar to wide flange and I-beam, channel can be bent with a number of different bending processes. The most common bending method is a roll bend or pyramid bends method. Straight material is inserted into the rolls; the rolls are then moved horizontally to put the desired radius into the material. The material can also be bent incrementally hot or incrementally cold. This is where small sections of material are bent at one time. When finished the section has a smooth curve to the bent section. Finally channel can also be bent in a plate roll which is typically done when bending stair stringers.

Just like wide flange and I-beam, to successfully bend channel the hard way one must use a web stretcher and/or mandrels. These tools are critical to use when bending the hard way as they keep the critical web from buckling or distorting.

COLD BENDING

Channels can be rolled the Hard Way, Flanges In or Flanges Out. Because channels are asymmetrical, they can present a challenge when rolling. Care must be taken to support the inside flange of a channel rolled the Hard Way, as the inside flange will typically want to tip in as the rolling process continues.  Channels rolled Flanges In or Flanges Out can typically be rolled to much tighter radii than channels rolled the Hard Way.

The easiest channel bending process is “flanges out.” “Flanges in” channel bending can be difficult if the flanges are relatively tall. The most difficult channel bending process is “the hard way”—indeed, all else being equal, the hard way is one of the most difficult structural shapes to bend without distortion. In checking the quality of “hard way” bent steel channel, it is critical to check that the flanges are square, that there has been no buckling of the web, and that the radius is true.

Cold bending process ability to bend both standard channels (designated as C channel) as well as miscellaneous channels (designated as MC channel), from the very small sizes to the very large sizes. In fact, profile bending machine can bend all of the mill supplied sizes of all types of channel.

Section bending machine can ability to bend channel the easy way (against the weak axis) and the hard way (against the strong axis).It can bend all types of channel including aluminum, stainless and carbon steel.

Standard channel and miscellaneous channel are specified in similar fashions. An example callout for standard channel would be C12x20.7#. The C indicates standard channel. The 12 (in inches) indicates the depth of the channel. The 20.7# indicates the pounds per foot for the channel.

HOT BENDING (INDUCTION BENDING)

The U channel is placed inside of an induction coil, which, when turned on, heats localized sections of the U channel to temperatures ranging between 1750° F to 1850° F. The exact sections depend on the part design and the exact temperature depends on the base material. As each section reaches the correct bending temperature, the machine slowly moves the U channel through the induction coil as a fixed radius arm mechanism applies the necessary force to bend the U channel at the heated area. When the U channel exits the induction coil, it is immediately quenched with water to minimize thermal expansion.

induction bending h beam
induction bending H beam

This process can take up to an hour since it must occur gradually to avoid snapping or deforming the structure.

BENEFITS OF INDUCTION BENDING

Compared to other methods, induction bending offers a number of advantages, including:

  • Smaller tooling requirements: does not need dies or mandrels to produce bends.
  • Lower material costs: machines allow manufacturers to create standard bent shapes from straight materials as required, which enables them to take advantage of the lower material cost. Additionally, they can save on storage costs since they no longer need to keep standard bends in stock.
  • Cleaner operations: does not require the use of lubrication. Additionally, the water used for quenching operations can be recycled.
  • Stronger parts: eliminates the need for welds at critical structural points, which improves an assembly’s ability to withstand pressure and stress.

Bending channel

Depending upon your unique project requirements, Profile Bending angle bending may be performed on a variety of materials, including carbon steelstainless steelaluminumtitanium, and copper.

Important things about steel channels

Here are some important things about structural steel channels that you should keep in mind when looking at them:

The ‘depth’ of the channel (how tall it is)
Leg height
The thickness of the leg
The thickness of the web
The fillet of the C-channel. The fillet is the angle where the leg meets with the web. This radius is not always provided

PBH Series U channel bending machine parameter

:: Read More: The Awesome 4 Roll Profile Bending Machine For Bending Steel U Channel

The horizontal bending of steel channel (Hardway) is a hard-way, and the bending method is as difficult as the H-beam. It requires a special BIT section bending machine with a ninth hydraulic component.

CBM BEAM BENDING MACHINE

An important tip for choosing U channel bending machine

PBH Series section bending machine can bend U channel steel of stainless steel, carbon steel, aluminum and other materials.

But when you need to bend aluminum U/C-channel steel for decoration or automobile and train use, we recommend that you choose our B- CNC aluminum profile bending machine.Because the bending accuracy of our CNC-controlled aluminum profile bending machine is as high as 0.01mm.

ModelToes OutToes In
Specification
(mm)
Minimum Inside
Diameter (mm)
Specification
(mm)
Minimum
Inside Diameter(mm)
PBH 120120600120500
PBH 140140600140600
PBH 20020010002001000
PBH 30030012003001000
PBH 3603602000360900
PBH 45045025004502000
PBH 50050030005001000
PBH 55055040005501200
PBH 60060050006001600
PBH 70070060007002000

BENDING EXTRUDED ALUMINIUM U & C CHANNELS

In the field of aluminium extrusion bending few things can be as difficult as bending an aluminium U channel.

The asymmetrical shape leads to a very high tendency for the section to warp or deform, usually resulting in the channel being collapsing.

This is often unacceptable as the channel usually serves a purpose, either as a track, holding space or feature.

CNC aluminium profile bending machine bending the aluminium u channel with hard way

This means that finding a way to curve U channel sections successfully is crucial.

The picture below is the C-channel profile bent by our CNC series aluminum profile bending machine,curved after powder coating, with no damage to the finish no warping or collapse. While the section might appear simple enough, it is easy to underestimate the difficulty in curving such a thin walled U Channel consistently.

Bending aliminum U-channel

:: Read More: These Benefits Make a BIT CNC Aluminium Profile Bending a Great Machine Machine

2 key points of aluminum channel bending

Asymmetry

Asymmetry is the enemy of easy bending, which is why aluminum channel sections can be so difficult to form . Please refer to the picture below:

Asymmetry of aluminum channel bending

Their severely asymmetric shape undergoes a large twisting force during bending, and the legs try to move toward the central axis. Altering the design—to one with a base that’s equal to or a little wider than the legs—will help bending specialists control the twisting a little better.

Tolerances

Aluminum channel sections often serve a purpose, like being part of a track or transport system. Most bending specialists should be able to form them correctly, as long as tolerances are specified in a few key areas.
If a fabricator is subcontracting the work, it should send parts or fittings to the bending specialist to ensure everything fits as it should.

Any order for an aluminum forming specialist should state the requirements that would allow the section to fit into or freely move within the assembly as designed.

Tolerances of aluminum channel bending

The order also should specify the gap tolerance (Number 1 in the picture above) for the trolley or slide, as well as a twist tolerance (Number 2 in the picture above) that will ensure the trolley will not hit the profile.

C channels

C channels are manufactured using aluminum or other metals. Although the basic shape is the same for every C channel, there are a variety of types that can be created. An “Architectural Channel” has a very basic form with perfectly squared corners. Structural C channels come in several types, including what are known as Aluminum Association, American Standard, and Canadian.

Aluminum Association C channels are thicker with rounded corners on the inside of the channel, and they are very similar to Canadian style channels. An American Standard C Channel, on the other hand, has rounded corners and the sides gradually become thinner moving up to the top. Each type has its own advantages and drawbacks, so they are all used for different purposes. Some are utilized in molding and trim around doors and windows, while others are used for structural and joining purposes.

PHOTOS OF U CHANNEL BENDING MACHINE

Steel Channel bending machines

Aluminum u/c channel bending machines

Two-minute review

U-profile

The U-profile is a simple semi-finished product. It is characterised by its open design and high transverse stability. This gives this long material a particularly wide range of uses.

Properties of the U-profile

The U-profile is one of the standard profiles. It offers a higher transverse stability than the L- or the flat profile. This makes it suitable for high-strength welded constructions with demanding statics. Once firmly integrated into a construction, U-profiles can be loaded from practically all sides. Its semi-open design is particularly interesting. This makes it suitable for use as a channel or as an easily accessible channel for cables, hoses and pipes. It does not offer the protection of a completely closed pipe. However, it can easily be extended with a cover so that the elements inserted or liquids passed through are fully protected.

Materials for the U-profile

The versatility of the U-profile continues in its unpretentiousness when it comes to its materials. Unlike window profiles, for example, the choice of materials for U-profiles is not limited.

Common materials for this long material are as follows:

  • Plastic
  • Sheet steel
  • Aluminium
  • Composite materials such as GRP or CFRP are also processed into U-profiles. Even ceramic materials or artificial stone such as concrete or brick are available in short profiles in U-shape.

Manufacture of the U-profile

U-profiles made of plastic or aluminium are extruded. For this purpose, a pre-material – for example plastic granulate or aluminium blocks – is heated and pressed through a die. The profile is cooled down behind the die. This creates an endless strand that is simply cut off at the desired length.Steel profiles in U-shape are edged from thin sheet or continuously cast. The continuous casting variant is considerably thicker-walled, heavier and more stable.

HOW TO BENDING U(C) CHANNEL

Similar to wide flange and I-beam, channel can be bent with a number of different bending processes. The most common bending method is a roll bend or pyramid bends method. Straight material is inserted into the rolls; the rolls are then moved horizontally to put the desired radius into the material. The material can also be bent incrementally hot or incrementally cold. This is where small sections of material are bent at one time. When finished the section has a smooth curve to the bent section. Finally channel can also be bent in a plate roll which is typically done when bending stair stringers.

Just like wide flange and I-beam, to successfully bend channel the hard way one must use a web stretcher and/or mandrels. These tools are critical to use when bending the hard way as they keep the critical web from buckling or distorting.

COLD BENDING

Channels can be rolled the Hard Way, Flanges In or Flanges Out. Because channels are asymmetrical, they can present a challenge when rolling. Care must be taken to support the inside flange of a channel rolled the Hard Way, as the inside flange will typically want to tip in as the rolling process continues.  Channels rolled Flanges In or Flanges Out can typically be rolled to much tighter radii than channels rolled the Hard Way.

The easiest channel bending process is “flanges out.” “Flanges in” channel bending can be difficult if the flanges are relatively tall. The most difficult channel bending process is “the hard way”—indeed, all else being equal, the hard way is one of the most difficult structural shapes to bend without distortion. In checking the quality of “hard way” bent steel channel, it is critical to check that the flanges are square, that there has been no buckling of the web, and that the radius is true.

Cold bending process ability to bend both standard channels (designated as C channel) as well as miscellaneous channels (designated as MC channel), from the very small sizes to the very large sizes. In fact, profile bending machine can bend all of the mill supplied sizes of all types of channel.

Section bending machine can ability to bend channel the easy way (against the weak axis) and the hard way (against the strong axis).It can bend all types of channel including aluminum, stainless and carbon steel.

Standard channel and miscellaneous channel are specified in similar fashions. An example callout for standard channel would be C12x20.7#. The C indicates standard channel. The 12 (in inches) indicates the depth of the channel. The 20.7# indicates the pounds per foot for the channel.

HOT BENDING (INDUCTION BENDING)

The U channel is placed inside of an induction coil, which, when turned on, heats localized sections of the U channel to temperatures ranging between 1750° F to 1850° F. The exact sections depend on the part design and the exact temperature depends on the base material. As each section reaches the correct bending temperature, the machine slowly moves the U channel through the induction coil as a fixed radius arm mechanism applies the necessary force to bend the U channel at the heated area. When the U channel exits the induction coil, it is immediately quenched with water to minimize thermal expansion.

induction bending h beam
induction bending H beam

This process can take up to an hour since it must occur gradually to avoid snapping or deforming the structure.

BENEFITS OF INDUCTION BENDING

Compared to other methods, induction bending offers a number of advantages, including:

  • Smaller tooling requirements: does not need dies or mandrels to produce bends.
  • Lower material costs: machines allow manufacturers to create standard bent shapes from straight materials as required, which enables them to take advantage of the lower material cost. Additionally, they can save on storage costs since they no longer need to keep standard bends in stock.
  • Cleaner operations: does not require the use of lubrication. Additionally, the water used for quenching operations can be recycled.
  • Stronger parts: eliminates the need for welds at critical structural points, which improves an assembly’s ability to withstand pressure and stress.

Bending channel

Depending upon your unique project requirements, Profile Bending angle bending may be performed on a variety of materials, including carbon steelstainless steelaluminumtitanium, and copper.

Important things about steel channels

Here are some important things about structural steel channels that you should keep in mind when looking at them:

The ‘depth’ of the channel (how tall it is)
Leg height
The thickness of the leg
The thickness of the web
The fillet of the C-channel. The fillet is the angle where the leg meets with the web. This radius is not always provided

PBH Series U channel bending machine parameter

:: Read More: The Awesome 4 Roll Profile Bending Machine For Bending Steel U Channel

The horizontal bending of steel channel (Hardway) is a hard-way, and the bending method is as difficult as the H-beam. It requires a special BIT section bending machine with a ninth hydraulic component.

An important tip for choosing U channel bending machine

PBH Series section bending machine can bend U channel steel of stainless steel, carbon steel, aluminum and other materials.

But when you need to bend aluminum U/C-channel steel for decoration or automobile and train use, we recommend that you choose our B- CNC aluminum profile bending machine.Because the bending accuracy of our CNC-controlled aluminum profile bending machine is as high as 0.01mm.

ModelToes OutToes In
Specification
(mm)
Minimum Inside
Diameter (mm)
Specification
(mm)
Minimum
Inside Diameter(mm)
PBH 120120600120500
PBH 140140600140600
PBH 20020010002001000
PBH 30030012003001000
PBH 3603602000360900
PBH 45045025004502000
PBH 50050030005001000
PBH 55055040005501200
PBH 60060050006001600
PBH 70070060007002000

BENDING EXTRUDED ALUMINIUM U & C CHANNELS

In the field of aluminium extrusion bending few things can be as difficult as bending an aluminium U channel.

The asymmetrical shape leads to a very high tendency for the section to warp or deform, usually resulting in the channel being collapsing.

This is often unacceptable as the channel usually serves a purpose, either as a track, holding space or feature.

CNC aluminium profile bending machine bending the aluminium u channel with hard way

This means that finding a way to curve U channel sections successfully is crucial.

The picture below is the C-channel profile bent by our CNC series aluminum profile bending machine,curved after powder coating, with no damage to the finish no warping or collapse. While the section might appear simple enough, it is easy to underestimate the difficulty in curving such a thin walled U Channel consistently.

Bending aliminum U-channel

:: Read More: These Benefits Make a BIT CNC Aluminium Profile Bending a Great Machine Machine

2 key points of aluminum channel bending

Asymmetry

Asymmetry is the enemy of easy bending, which is why aluminum channel sections can be so difficult to form . Please refer to the picture below:

Asymmetry of aluminum channel bending

Their severely asymmetric shape undergoes a large twisting force during bending, and the legs try to move toward the central axis. Altering the design—to one with a base that’s equal to or a little wider than the legs—will help bending specialists control the twisting a little better.

Tolerances

Aluminum channel sections often serve a purpose, like being part of a track or transport system. Most bending specialists should be able to form them correctly, as long as tolerances are specified in a few key areas.
If a fabricator is subcontracting the work, it should send parts or fittings to the bending specialist to ensure everything fits as it should.

Any order for an aluminum forming specialist should state the requirements that would allow the section to fit into or freely move within the assembly as designed.

Tolerances of aluminum channel bending

The order also should specify the gap tolerance (Number 1 in the picture above) for the trolley or slide, as well as a twist tolerance (Number 2 in the picture above) that will ensure the trolley will not hit the profile.

C channels

C channels are manufactured using aluminum or other metals. Although the basic shape is the same for every C channel, there are a variety of types that can be created. An “Architectural Channel” has a very basic form with perfectly squared corners. Structural C channels come in several types, including what are known as Aluminum Association, American Standard, and Canadian.

Aluminum Association C channels are thicker with rounded corners on the inside of the channel, and they are very similar to Canadian style channels. An American Standard C Channel, on the other hand, has rounded corners and the sides gradually become thinner moving up to the top. Each type has its own advantages and drawbacks, so they are all used for different purposes. Some are utilized in molding and trim around doors and windows, while others are used for structural and joining purposes.

PHOTOS OF U CHANNEL BENDING MACHINE

Steel Channel bending machines

Aluminum u/c channel bending machines

Two-minute review

U-profile

The U-profile is a simple semi-finished product. It is characterised by its open design and high transverse stability. This gives this long material a particularly wide range of uses.

Properties of the U-profile

The U-profile is one of the standard profiles. It offers a higher transverse stability than the L- or the flat profile. This makes it suitable for high-strength welded constructions with demanding statics. Once firmly integrated into a construction, U-profiles can be loaded from practically all sides. Its semi-open design is particularly interesting. This makes it suitable for use as a channel or as an easily accessible channel for cables, hoses and pipes. It does not offer the protection of a completely closed pipe. However, it can easily be extended with a cover so that the elements inserted or liquids passed through are fully protected.

Materials for the U-profile

The versatility of the U-profile continues in its unpretentiousness when it comes to its materials. Unlike window profiles, for example, the choice of materials for U-profiles is not limited.

Common materials for this long material are as follows:

  • Plastic
  • Sheet steel
  • Aluminium
  • Composite materials such as GRP or CFRP are also processed into U-profiles. Even ceramic materials or artificial stone such as concrete or brick are available in short profiles in U-shape.

Manufacture of the U-profile

U-profiles made of plastic or aluminium are extruded. For this purpose, a pre-material – for example plastic granulate or aluminium blocks – is heated and pressed through a die. The profile is cooled down behind the die. This creates an endless strand that is simply cut off at the desired length.Steel profiles in U-shape are edged from thin sheet or continuously cast. The continuous casting variant is considerably thicker-walled, heavier and more stable.

channel steel

Channels with longer legs take on a U shape, and so are called steel U channels or U section steel channels. They are virtually the same as a typical steel c section; only the longer leg length gives the steel u-channel its alphabetical namesake.

The channel is often used for columns, and lintels above doors to give support to floor joists. If you are using a channel as a lintel it will need a bottom plate added to it to take the outer bricks. Alternatively, two channels could be fixed back to back to support both leafs of a cavity wall.

The architectural steel channel or ‘C channels’ and U channel steel
Structural steel channels are hot rolled products that have a C-shaped cross section. They consist of two legs connected by a web.

u channel bending
u channel bending

Channels are featured in tank stiffeners, tank supports, roof beams, circular platforms and fabricated trusses.

types of steel channel

Steel is used to make channels that are used for demanding applications. Aluminum would not be a suitable construction material for many supports and guide rails; steel guarantees continued durability and strength, and it can be engineered to be corrosion-resistant if necessary. U channels are the most basic type of steel channel.

There are various types of steel channel categories:

  • Structural channels, which are common in construction and manufacturing
  • Ship and car channels, specific for those industries
  • Stair casting channels, for constructing stairs
  • Bar channels, these are usually much smaller than typical C-channels, for specific uses
  • Like with structural beams, these structural steel channels have lots of different names.

They can sometimes be referred to as ‘hot rolled parallel flange channels’ or just ‘flange channels’, or ‘channel beams’, or ‘PFC sections’ in addition to just being referred to as a C shape steel beam.

Application

One of the most common usages of bent channel is for stair cases. The bent channels act as the stair stringers (link to specialty bending: spiral, circular & helical bending) (supports) and are bent helically. Bent channels are also used in light structural applications like awnings and car ports typically found in residential buildings or light commercial structures.

PBH SERIRS STEEL CHANNEL BENDING MACHINE

Be used for bends over 180 degrees, can bend channel into circle or arc, and is often chosen to create circular pieces.

BIT series steel channel bending machine can bend higher strength stainless steel channels of the same size.

steel u channel bending machine
  • Max.Section(mm): 80-700
  • Min.bending DIA(mm): Φ600-6000

Note: A larger size steel channel bending machine can be customized

More detailed parameters

CNC ALUMINUM CHANNEL roll BENDING MACHINE

Can be bent aluminum channel into various shapes (3D graphics,, Is round, oval, a combination of multiple radius, etc.), is a curved arc of professional manufacturers of the ideal matching products, suitable for bending of aluminum profiles for automobiles, doors and windows.

cnc aluminum u channel bending machine
  • Spindle speed: 1-15r/min
  • Max.Section(mm): 50-300
  • Y-axis thrust (ton):10-70
  • CNC control. Accuracy is as high as ≤0.01mm. 

More detailed parameters

ALUMINUM C CHANNEL BENDING MACHINE

Small aluminum profile bending machine with excellent performance, the main bending L-shaped, rectangular, U-shaped and other shapes.

aluminum c channel bending machine
  • Punching mechanism repeat positioning accuracy: < 0.01mm Spindle rated.
  • Spindle speed: 1-15r/min
  • Min bend radius: R=40mm

More detailed parameters

CBM channel BENDING MACHINE
beam bending machine

CBM series profile cold bending machine has simple structure, reliable performance and low price. It is the most economical choice for outdoor engineering bending channel.

MORE DETAILED PARAMETERS