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What Materials are Used in Cold Roll Forming?

cold roll forming machine

Cold roll forming, also known as cold roll profiling or metal roll forming, is a process used in the manufacturing of metal components. It involves taking a long strip of metal and feeding it through a series of rollers, gradually shaping it into the desired form or profile. This process is highly effective and efficient, with a wide range of applications in various industries. The quality of the final product depends on many factors, including the materials used. In this article, we will explore the materials used in cold roll forming.

Materials suitable for cold roll forming

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Cold roll forming can work with a variety of metals, including steel, aluminum, copper, brass, and stainless steel. These materials are chosen for their specific properties, as they affect the final product’s quality and characteristics. Each material has different strengths and weaknesses, which must be taken into account when choosing the best material for a specific project.

Some of the materials that are commonly used in cold roll forming include:


Steel is one of the most widely used materials in cold roll forming. It is known for its strength, durability, and versatility. Cold-formed steel components have high strength-to-weight ratios, making them ideal for structural applications, such as building frames, roof panels, and automotive parts. Steel is also available in various grades and finishes, allowing for customization to meet specific project requirements.


Aluminum is another popular material for cold roll forming. It is lightweight, corrosion-resistant, and has excellent thermal conductivity. These properties make aluminum ideal for heat exchangers, air conditioning systems, and other applications where weight and conductivity are important factors. Like steel, aluminum can be cold-formed into a wide range of shapes and profiles.


Copper is a soft, malleable metal that is prized for its high electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance. It is often used in electrical applications, such as transformers, electrical wiring, and circuit boards. Copper can also be cold-formed into various shapes, such as tubing and strips, making it an excellent choice for plumbing and HVAC systems.


Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc that is valued for its decorative properties and corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in architectural applications, such as door handles, window frames, and decorative trim. Brass is also an excellent choice for musical instruments and precision components, such as gears and bearings.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a steel alloy that contains at least 10.5% chromium. It is known for its high resistance to corrosion and staining, making it ideal for food processing equipment, medical devices, and chemical processing equipment. Stainless steel can also be cold-formed into various shapes and profiles, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

Comparison Table of Materials

To provide a better understanding of the characteristics of materials commonly used in cold roll forming, here is a comparison table:

MaterialStrengthDurabilityCorrosion ResistanceThermal Conductivity
SteelHighHighModerate to highLow
BrassLow to highModerateHighLow to moderate
Stainless SteelHighHighHighLow

Note: The data in this table is for general guidance only and may vary depending on the specific grade of material used.


Cold roll forming is a highly versatile process that can work with a wide range of materials. Steel, aluminum, copper, brass, and stainless steel are some of the materials commonly used in cold roll forming. Each material has its unique properties and strengths, making it suitable for specific applications. Choosing the right material is crucial to achieving the desired quality, performance, and cost-effectiveness of cold-formed components. With the information presented in this article, you can make an informed decision when selecting materials for your next cold roll forming project.